The Dutch Smoushound: breed description

Dutch smoushound dog

The Dutch Smoushond is a truly Dutch dog that is only bred in the Netherlands. This breed is very rare and therefore not well known outside the Netherlands. Because they are popular dogs and there is only one breeding program, it takes a long time before you can get your hands on this lovely dog.

If that doesn’t stop you, you will have a playful, affectionate, and fun family dog. Because they are such easy-going dogs, they are easy to train and get along with other animals and strangers. But be careful with small pets. Because the hunting instinct is still deep within some Smous’. Are you curious about more characteristics of these rough-haired and playful dogs? You’ll discover them all in this blog.  


Almost extinct breed: the history of the Smous 

The name Dutch Smoushond says it all: the Smous is a Dutch dog breed. These dogs are descendants of the German wire-haired Pinschers. During the middle of the 19th century, the Smous was a popular breed in Amsterdam. The dog merchant Abraas sold these dogs to Amsterdam fair visitors, selling them as ‘gentlemen’s stable dogs’. This name was soon changed to Smous in popular speech. This breed of dog was mainly used to keep the stables free of rats.  

In the period between the First and Second World War, the Dutch Smoushond was almost extinct. The last litter was registered in the Dutch dog studbook in 1949. Fortunately, H.M. Barkman-van der Weel decided to start breeding the breed, so the extinction of these lovely dogs was fortunately prevented. Breeding was done with mongrels that resembled the Dutch Smoushond in appearance.  


Cosy family dog with a stable character 

The Smous is an affectionate and friendly dog. He has a gentle and sensitive character. He likes to spend a lot of time with the family. They are also playful and agile dogs who can build up a good condition. Because the Dutch Smous has a stable character, he easily adapts to new situations. They are also friendly to strangers, other dogs, and cats. 

However, this dog still has a hunting instinct. Therefore, it is wise to keep smaller pets well out of reach of your dog. They do want to chase animals sometimes. This differs per Smous and by socializing your dog well, you can prevent this. Because of its friendly character, this dog is also a great dog for a family with children. Of course, you have to teach your children to respect your dog. Never leave children alone with a dog.   

The Smous does not like to be left alone at home. Because of his affectionate nature, he prefers to be with the family all day long. But you can teach him to be alone for a few hours. You will have to learn this as a puppy. Although the Smous is not known as a busybody, he does let you know when visitors arrive.  

Dutch Smoushound

The Dutch Smous has a rough appearance  

The Dutch Smoushond is a small dog but has a square and muscular body. The chest of these dogs is broad, and the back is straight. They carry their tail gaily, but it does not curl over the back. The head of the Smous is broad and short, the muzzle is as long as the skull and you can clearly see the transition from skull to muzzle. They have high-set ears that are small and triangular. The ears hang down and their eyes are large and round.  

The Smous has a rough coat, which is typical for this breed. The hairs are hard and straight and four to seven centimetres long. They have an uncombed appearance with the hair on the skull and ears being somewhat shorter. The hair on the cheeks, beard, moustache, and eyebrows is longer. The colour of the coat of the Dutch Smous is often unicoloured in all shades of yellow, such as dark straw yellow. A male dog usually has a shoulder height of 37 to 42 centimetres, females 35 to 40 centimetres. These small dogs weigh around 9 to 10 kilograms.  


Two annual plucking sessions for your Dutch Smous 

Usually, the Smous has an undercoat and a topcoat, but this does not always have to be the case. Before grooming your dog, it is wise to take a good look at his coat. The rough coat with hard hairs should be plucked twice a year. You can either get a grooming salon to do this or you can do it yourself after learning how. When the coat is ready for plucking, you must pull small pieces of the outer coat while pulling the skin with hairs tight. The undercoat is woolly and stays in place. Plucking the coat can take hours, so it will take some time.