Chihuahua: Breed Description, Info and Tips

Chihuahua tussen de bladeren

The Chihuahua is a popular dog in the US. It is the smallest dog breed in the world and finds its origin in ancient Mexico. The Chihuahua is a small dog, but has a spirited character. Good training is necessary to make a loyal companion of the Chihuahua. The Chihuahua attaches itself primarily to one person and likes to go everywhere with them. It is a lively, cheerful and alert dog. He needs a lot of exercise, but can live well in an apartment. Have you become curious about this breed and do you want to know more about the Chihuahua? Then read this article.


The history: a companion dog from Mexico

The Chihuahua originally comes from Mexico and is named after a province in the country. It is not certain how the first type of Chihuahua came to the peoples of Mexico, but it is known that they were already living here around the 15th century. History tells several stories and theories about this breed. It is likely that the Aztecs, Mayans and the Toltecs had something to do with the origin of this breed. What we also know is that the Chihuahua experienced a great development especially around Mexico City. This is where this breed was primarily bred.

Until the 19th century, the Chihuahua was found only in Mexico. After that, this dog breed was also brought to other countries. Halfway through the 20th century the Chihuahua came to the Europe, where it is now a popular companion dog.


The character: a spirited temperament

Although the Chihuahua is a small dog, it is very lively and spirited. It is an energetic little dog that is very alert to his surroundings. If he notices something unfamiliar, he will also start barking. It is therefore a suitable watchdog. He will warn his boss when there is danger. A burglar cannot enter the house unnoticed if there is a Chihuahua in the house.

The Chihuahua is a companion dog and builds a strong bond especially with one person. He can easily adapt to the situation, this makes it a suitable dog to take anywhere. The Chihuahua finds it difficult to be alone. It is a loyal companion that is devoted to its owner.

With smaller children, you should be careful if you have a Chihuahua in the house. Small children may see this dog as a toy and not handle it with care. It is important that children learn to handle a Chihuahua carefully. This dog breed is very fragile. With older children it is often better. The Chihuahua likes to play games with children. A Chihuahua can also learn to live together with other animals. Early socialization and education is important here.

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The appearance of a Chihuahua

The Chihuahua is the smallest dog breed in the world. A male and a female have a height at the withers between 15 and 23 centimeters. This dog breed only weighs between one and a half and three pounds. The Chihuahua is a miniature dog, so it can easily be taken anywhere.

The coat of a Chihuahua comes in different colors. Think of black, white, chocolate brown, golden, cream and light brown. Other shades can also occur. There is a shorthaired and a longhaired Chihuahua. The coat of a shorthaired Chihuahua is short and dense. It is shiny and soft in texture. The coat of a longhaired Chihuahua is fine and silky, smooth or slightly wavy. The hair on the neck, ears, tail and legs is often a little longer.

A characteristic of a Chihuahua is that its head is shaped like an apple. In addition, his large, round eyes are also very striking. His ears are erect and relatively speaking also quite large. The nose is of average size and points slightly upwards. The body of a Chihuahua is compact and he is slightly longer than he is tall. His body appears to be somewhat square. The legs are muscular. The Chihuahua carries its tail high.


The care

The teeth of a Chihuahua need a lot of attention. This dog breed has a greater chance of dental problems. In this breed, the teeth are a weak spot. When changing the milk teeth, it is important to note whether this goes well. It may be that some milk teeth remain in place, so there is not enough room for adult teeth. Plaque is also common in Chihuahuas, so it is essential to brush the teeth daily. You can do this with special dog toothpaste and a dog toothbrush.

A Chihuahua suffers from teary eyes and therefore it is important to keep the eyes clean. Also the ears should be kept clean. This reduces the chance of infections. The nails of the Chihuahua must be kept short. If you hear the nails tapping on the floor, then the nails are too long and need a trim.

The Chihuahua is a small and fragile dog. Therefore, he can get cold easily. In winter or when it is cold outside, it is wise to put a jacket on the Chihuahua. There are special dog coats for sale that help against the cold. Even in humid weather, a Chihuahua likes to be dried off after the walk.

The coat of a Chihuahua comes in two different types. The longhaired and shorthaired coat. The longhaired coat needs more care than the shorthaired coat. With the longhaired coat it is necessary to brush once a week to p