Dachshund: an active and stubborn companion dog

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The Dachshund was originally used in hunting badgers, rabbits and foxes. The Dachshund still has the hunting instinct today, but it’s also a popular companion animal. This small but stubborn dog can live to be twelve to sixteen years old. He is affectionate and friendly towards his owner.

With early socialization, the Dachshund gets along well with children. With a Dachshund in the house you need not fear burglars. It is a real watchdog and will bark at danger. Are you curious and would you like to know more about the Dachshund? Then read this article.


The history: the small hunting dog from Germany

The Dachshund originally comes from Germany and was used there as a hunting dog. He helped hunt small animals, such as rabbits, foxes and badgers. This is why it’s called a Dachshund. The Dachshund had short legs and was therefore able to follow the small animals to their lairs. This happened already in the Middle Ages.

Later the Dachshund was also seen as a companion dog. This is thanks to Queen Victoria who brought a Dachshund to England in 1839. Around 1870, the Dachshund also made its way to the United States and Canada. In these countries they were first used for hunting, but later they became companion animals. The Dachshund became more and more popular and is now also a beloved pet all over the world.


The character: cocky, cheerful and smart

The Dachshund is affectionate and does not like to be alone. It is wise to start early with getting the Dachshund used to being left alone. Towards its owner it is friendly, but it is certainly not an everyman’s friend. The Dachshund clearly has preferences and can be reserved towards certain people. By nature it is not a children’s friend, but with the right upbringing it can generally get along with them. It is a real watchdog and will start barking if it sees a stranger or senses danger. It is important to control his vigilance and barking from an early age. The hunting instinct is still in the Dachshund, so you should certainly be alert with other small pets.

The Dachshund is smart and curious. Generally it is a cheerful and excited dog. Even though it is a small dog, it can be very stubborn and likes to follow its own rules. Partly because of this, early socialization is important. The Dachshund also needs clear boundaries and rules. There are three variations of the Dachshund. Most characteristics of a Dachshund are the same, but each variant has specific character traits. The three types are:

  • Short-haired Dachshund;
  • Longhaired Dachshund;
  • Wirehaired Dachshund.

The short-haired Dachshund has the average character. He is gentle and attached to his family. Towards strangers he is reserved. The Longhaired Dachshund is softer, more sensitive, quieter and more affectionate than the other two types. The wirehaired Dachshund is the fiercest species. This is because Terriers have been used in breeding.

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The appearance of a Dachshund

The Dachshund has short legs and an elongated body. It has a robust, muscular body. The chest is deep and broad. The head is long, as is the tail. The Dachshund has a long muzzle and drooping ears.

There are three sizes of Dachshunds and they are classified by chest size. The standard Dachshund is the largest species and has a chest size starting at 35 centimeters. This type weighs nine to ten pounds. The middle species is the Miniature Dachshund and has a chest size between 30 and 37 centimeters. This species weighs between five and seven kilograms. The smallest species is the Kaninchen Dachshund. This Dachshund has a chest size of up to 32 centimeters and weighs between three and five pounds.

The hair types can also be divided into three types. As mentioned earlier the short haired, long haired and wirehaired Dachshund. The long-haired Dachshund has half-long hair. They have a nice fluffy tail. They have longer hair at the ears, legs and chest. The color of the coat can vary. Single-colored it occurs in the colors red, red-yellow and yellow. Bi-colored in black or brown with brown or yellow markings on the legs, head or chest.

The Short-haired Dachshund has a very short coat and because of this its robust, muscular body stands out well. The colors are the same as the long-haired Dachshund. The wirehaired Dachshund has a spiky coat with a large beard and eyebrows. They often look funny. Most frequently seen in dark or light gray-brown.


The care

The coat care of a Short-haired Dachshund is minimal. Occasionally he needs to be brushed and then he looks beautiful again. The long-haired Dachshund requires a little more time to maintain. The coat must be brushed regularly to prevent tangles. The wirehaired Dachshund also needs to be brushed regularly and it is wise to have it trimmed about twice a year.

In addition to coat care, it is important to regularly check the nails and trim them if necessary. The ears and eyes must also be kept clean. You can do this with a damp cloth. The teeth can be cleaned with a special dog toothbrush and dog toothpaste. It is also wise to regularly give the Dachshund something to chew on, this is good for his teeth.

Because of its physique it is important that the Dachshund is kept warm. He can not stand cold and humidity. During a walk he will not suffer much from this